Jonathan Ellis has a treasure trove of documents from the U.S. Customs and Immigrations Service exposing the corruption in South Dakota's EB-5 visa investment program. Last week Ellis found the connection between EB-5 and Keystone XL. Yesterday, Ellis revealed similar EB-5 abuses related to Iberdrola's South Dakota wind farm.
SDRC Inc., the private company the Rounds and Daugaard Administrations contracted to run EB-5 in South Dakota from 2009 to 2013, wanted to turn Iberdrola's Buffalo Ridge II project in Brookings and Deuel counties into their next big money-making project. SDRC Inc. exec Joop Bollen and state economic development chief Richard Benda had lined up 200 Chinese investors. But Iberdrola completed the project by 2010, without any EB-5 money. Bollen and Benda were trying to get EB-5 money as a reimbursement for Iberdrola, showing that, much like with TransCanada and Keystone XL, Bollen and Benda weren't using their authority to promote new economic development; they were simply looking for ways to draw big commissions for themselves and their pals by making EB-5 investments happen, regardless of necessity.
Ellis reports that USCIS sensibly rejected the EB-5 request for Iberdrola's finished project. But Bollen kept pressing for his profit... and he got South Dakota's biggest politicos, Republican and Demcorat, to back him:
When U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services delayed its decision on whether the project would qualify, SDRC's founder, Joop Bollen, appealed to the state's highest elected leaders to intervene. The offices of Sens. Tim Johnson, John Thune, Rep. Kristi Noem and Daugaard responded with a letter signed by all of them asking the federal agency to review the denials it had rendered to the green-card-seeking investors.
Meanwhile, Bollen sent a memo to the investors of the project begging them not to withdraw their money, telling them repeatedly that South Dakota's "political powers" were working on their behalf.
"I can assure you," Bollen's memo said, "that the SDRC and your attorneys, together with the state of South Dakota's governor and its senators will press for and succeed in overcoming the USCIS' erroneous denial and achieve the desired approval of all your cases."
Bollen's memo badly overstated the situation. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services did not reverse its denial. Many of the investors in the project withdrew their money or were redirected to other EB-5 projects sponsored by SDRC. About two dozen of them moved their money to the Northern Beef Packers project, where they lost their investments after the plant declared bankruptcy last year [Jonathan Ellis, "S.D. Political Muscle Was Tapped to Intercede for EB-5," that Sioux Falls paper, 2014.04.27].
We have Bollen trading on the authority of South Dakota's elected officials to cling to his profit-making scheme. And we have our Governor, our Congresswoman, and both of our Senators playing along.
Senator Johnson is already stepping down. Senator Thune doesn't face the voters until 2016. But we have the opportunity to fire Rep. Noem and Governor Daugaard for their complicity in the EB-5 abuse of power right now.
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Your investment is safe, your achieving the green card is within reach, and the joint efforts of SDRC, Hanul Professional Law, the state of South Dakota, and its political delegation in Washington, D.C. are being marshaled to achieve victory and success on your behalf [Joop Bollen, memo to Iberdrola investors, quoted in Ellis, 2014.04.27].